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Understanding the 3 categories of hysterectomy

by | July 30th, 2015

Dr. J. Kyle Mathews explains the difference between a total, partial and radical hysterectomy

3485146_sWhen a patient hears that she needs a hysterectomy, a lot of information is coming her way, and it can be confusing and overwhelming. One thing many women don’t know is that a hysterectomy refers to the removal of the uterus, and it may also include the cervix and fallopian tubes, while an oophorectomy refers to the removal of the ovary (or ovaries). Women may or may not have their ovaries removed (oophorectomy) during a hysterectomy, depending on the reason for the operation.

This is just one of the things that can confuse a patient, so Dr. J. Kyle Mathews wants to begin by helping patients understand the differences among the three major types of hysterectomy that may be recommend.

1. The total hysterectomy is the most common type.

During a total hysterectomy, the entire uterus and cervix are removed. The fallopian tubes and/or ovaries may or may not need to be removed during the surgery.

2. A partial hysterectomy is also known as a subtotal or sub cervical hysterectomy.

During this surgery, only the upper portion of the uterus is removed, but the cervix is not. Your doctor may or may not choose to remove your ovaries during this procedure as well.

3. Women with cancer often receive a radical hysterectomy.

A radical hysterectomy involves the removal of the cervix and uterus, and also the upper part of the vagina and surrounding tissues. The ovaries and fallopian tubes may or may not be removed.

Dr. Mathews always explores every option and alternative treatment before recommending a hysterectomy. He has several years of experience and uses his expertise to make the most precise diagnosis when patients come to him with problems like chronic pelvic pain, endometriosis, prolapse, cancer and other conditions that may require a hysterectomy. Dr. Mathews is also an expert at vaginal hysterectomy, minimally invasive laparoscopic and robotic hysterectomies that allow for a quicker recovery and fewer complications.

If you would like to learn more about the different types of hysterectomies and how Dr. Mathews approaches treatment and diagnosis, contact us to make an appointment at our North Dallas office.


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Dr. J. Kyle Mathews is an expert in the field of Urogynecology, minimally invasive laparoscopic and robotic surgery, and reconstructive gynecologic surgery. Dr. Mathews is board certified and a Fellow of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology as well as the American College of Surgeons. With over two decades of experience, Dr. Mathews is one of the most experienced surgeons in north Texas.

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