A new US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation statement has concluded that the evidence is insufficient to support the use of vitamin D and calcium supplementation to prevent fractures among men and premenopausal women. However, the task force did find sufficient evidence to recommend against daily vitamin D and calcium supplements for the primary prevention of fractures in postmenopausal women.
Based on a review of the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) trial of 36,282 healthy postmenopausal women, the study found a slight increase risk for kidney stones associated with vitamin D and calcium supplementation. The task force concluded that the magnitude of this risk was small but significant.
Virginia A. Moyer, MD, MPH, from the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, published the recommendation statement on behalf of the USPSTS online February 26 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Dr. J. Kyle Mathews
Plano OBGYN Associates